Alcmaeon of Croton was an early Greek medical writer and . Later authors such as Iamblichus (VP , ), Philoponus (De An. p. 88), and. Philosopher and naturalist Greek, who lived in the 5th century BC Some authors consider it a disciple of Pythagoras, given that continues th. View the profiles of people named Alcmeon de Crotona. Join Facebook to connect with Alcmeon de Crotona and others you may know. Facebook gives people.

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He gave an explanation of the sterility of mules DK, B3 and, if we can believe Aristotle, thought that goats breathed through their ears DK, A7. He thus sets the initial agenda for Greek physiology Longrigg54—7; Lloydff.

In Empedocles, all materials have pores in them, which determine whether they mix well with other objects. Philosophy and Medicine from Alcmaeon to the AlexandriansLondon: The similarity to the divine is not part of the inference here but simply an illustrative comparison.

Alcmaeon of Croton

Thus, whether a practicing physician or not, Alcmaeon undoubtedly owes some of his interest in human physiology and psychology to the medical tradition in Croton. There are three references to his astronomical theory DK, A4. And if the blood withdraws entirely, death occurs. Although Alcmaeon is often described as a pupil of Pythagorasthere are reasons to doubt whether he was a Pythagorean at all; [17] his name seems to have crept into lists of Pythagoreans given us by dd writers.

Alcmeón de Crotona – Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre

For in age Alcmaeon was in the old age of Pythagorasand his views were similar to theirs a27— Studies in Greek Philosophy and its continuation offered to Professor C.

This suggests that Brotinus could have been the addressee of the book any time between and BCE. Crotonq might also conclude that the soul, as what moves something else, must be in motion itself the synonymy principle of crootna. We might well recognize that things with souls, i.


Theophrastus says that Alcmaeon did not explain sensation by the principle of like to like i. It would be a serious mistake then to ccrotona that Alcmaeon discovered dissection or that he was the father of anatomy, since there is no evidence that he used dissection systematically or even that he did more than excise a single eyeball.

Contrary to a popular Greek view, which regarded the father alone as providing seed, a view that would be followed by Aristotle Lloyd86 ff. Les Belles Lettres, 57— From the Beginning to PlatoLondon: However, there is no evidence that Alcmaeon himself dissected the eye or the skull.

The range of his work in biology is remarkable for the early fifth century and he may have initiated a physiological emphasis in Greek philosophy which was not present in Allcmeon philosophers, such as Anaximander and Anaximenes, and set the agenda in this area for later Presocratics Zhmud a, Aristotle wrote a treatise responding to him, Plato may have been influenced by his argument for the immortality of the soul, and both Plato and Philolaus accepted his view that the brain is the seat of intelligence.

Alcmeeon might even suppose that the soul tries to impose such a structure on the body from its own circular motion but ultimately fails Guthrie Earlier scholars took this comparison of Alcmaeon to the Crotonx as confirmation that he was a Pythagorean.

Archived from the original on There is no evidence, however, that Alcmaeon dissected the eye itself or alcmein he dissected the skull in order to trace the optic nerve all the way to the brain.

How fe cite this entry. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPapersalcmeoj links to its database. He regarded the eye as composed of water and fire and vision as taking place when what is seen is reflected in the gleaming and translucent part of the eye. As a result, they are incapacitated when it is disturbed or changes its place, for it then stops the channels, through which the senses operate.


The B annotations refer to actual fragments of Alcmaeon in DK as opposed to the testimonia, second hand reports, etc.

However, Aristotle emphasizes that Alcmaeon posited an indefinite number of opposites as active in the human body in contrast to the Pythagoreans who specified ten dw see 4.

The core of the simpler argument is the necessary truth that what is always in motion must be immortal.

Teubner The crotonz full-scale commentary devoted to Alcmaeon. Although Alcmaeon is the earliest figure to whom such a conception of health is attributed, it may well be that he is not presenting an original thesis but rather drawing on the earlier medical tradition in Croton. Bronze medal devoted to Alcmaeon of Croton.

Weidmann, Volume 1, Chapter 24, — Alcmaeon addressed his book to three men who may have been Pythagoreans:. A majority of scholars up to the middle of the twentieth century followed this tradition. It has recently been suggested, however, that our sole source for these views Censorinus is mistaken and that, while Alcmaeon thought that allcmeon the male and female contributed to the child, only the male contributed seed Leitao Simplicius acmeon th AD reports that some have handed down the view that Alcmaeon is a Pythagorean but notes that Aristotle denies it De An.

Many scholars believe that Plato referred to Alcmaeon’s work, when writing in Phaedo about the senses and how we or animals think. Diogenes Laertius alcmeeon that he was a disciple of Pythagoras, [viii.