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All Search Options [ view abbreviations ]. Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: It comes in the dialogue and is the function arstote the statesman’s or the rhetorician’s art. Character is that which reveals ppetique 4shows what sort of thing a man chooses or avoids in circumstances where the choice is not obvious, so those speeches convey no character in which there is nothing whatever which the speaker chooses or avoids.
The fourth of the literary elements is the language. By this I mean, as we said above, the expression of meaning in words, 5 and this is essentially the same in verse and in prose. Of the other elements which “enrich” 6 tragedy the most important is song-making.
Spectacle, while highly effective, is yet quite foreign to the art and has nothing to do with poetry. Indeed the effect of tragedy does not depend on its performance by actors, and, moreover,  for achieving the spectacular effects the art of the costumier is more authoritative than that of the poet.
After these definitions we must next discuss the proper arrangement of the incidents since this is the first and most important thing in tragedy.
J. Aristotle & Hardy, Aristote Poétique – PhilPapers
We have laid it down that tragedy is a representation of an action that is whole and complete and of a certain magnitude, since a thing may be a whole and yet have no magnitude. A whole is what has a beginning and middle and end. A beginning is that which is not a necessary consequent of anything else but after which something else exists or happens as a natural result. An end on the contrary is that which is inevitably or, as a rule, the natural result of something else but from which nothing else follows; a middle follows something else and something follows from it.
Well constructed plots must not therefore begin and end at random, but must embody the formulae we have stated.
Moreover, in everything that is beautiful, whether it be a living creature or any organism composed of parts, these parts must not only be orderly arranged but must also have a certain magnitude of their own; for beauty consists in magnitude and ordered arrangement. From which it follows that neither would a very small creature be beautiful—for our view of it is almost instantaneous and therefore confused 7 —nor a very large one, 1 Selection and design are necessary for aay work of “representation.
It is a man’s will or choice in the sense that determines the goodness or badness of his character.
If character is to be revealed in drama, a aristoye must be shown in the exercise of his will, choosing between one line of conduct and another, poetiqu he must be placed in circumstances in wbich the choice is not obvious, i. The choice of death rather than disbonourable wealth reveals character; the choice of a nectarine rather than a turnip does not. Purchase a copy of this text not necessarily the same edition from Amazon.
ARISTOTE : Poétique et Rhétorique (introduction)
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Full search options are on the right side and top of the page. From which it follows that neither would a very small creature be beautiful—for our view of it is almost instantaneous and therefore confused 7 —nor a very large one.
Aristotle in 23 Volumes, Vol. Cross-references in notes to this page 3: Aristotle, PoeticsAristot. Aristotle, Poeticsb Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page More search options Limit Search to: Unicode Buckwalter transliteration View by Default: Original Language Translation Arsitote Bar: Show by default Hide by default.