Colonial era depiction of the Tutsi as a superior Hamitic race that invaded Rwanda laid the ground for severe ethnic polarisation. This myth resurfaced in the. Hamitic hypothesis: western Africa: Muslims in western Africa: thus evolved the so-called “Hamitic hypothesis,” by which it was generally supposed that any. The idea of the Hamite developed initially from the Hebrew biblical myth of the origins of humankind; what they called the Table of Nations. In it the sons of Noah .

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Please see Edith Sanders, “The Hamitic hypothesis: Retrieved 27 July Felkin, who had met the ruler, remarked that Mutesa “had lost the pure Mhuma features through admixture of Negro blood, but still retained sufficient characteristics of that tribe to prevent all doubt as to his origin”. In the second half of the 19th century, the British explorer John Hanning Speke would further popularize the ancient Hamitic peregrinations in his publications on his search for the source of the Nile River.

University of California Press. As anthropology and archeology advanced a bit more and it was too ludicrous to assume that these people could have been full white Caucasians they settle for them being a brownish race that was not Negroid, and then somehow a Hamitic- Semitic people emerged who again were sort of brown but were somehow also Semitic.

Cush Mizraim Phut Canaan.

Africa Today, 45 1pp. Online registration for national exams to save time and money — REB. A discussion of the media is therefore a useful focus for analysis. According to Yaacov Shavit, this generated “radical Afrocentric theory, which followed the path of European racial doctrines”. Related to Hamitic Myth: Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Speke believed that his explorations uncovered the link between “civilized” North Africa and “primitive” central Africa.

Others go even further and suggest that ethno-cultural Hutu-nationalist propaganda aimed at the systematic social exclusion or outright elimination of the Batutsi in order to create a pure Hutu nation see Appadurai53; Mamdani14; Hintjens41; Gourevitch The forehead is high and square instead of low and receding; the nose is narrow, with the nostrils straight and not transverse; the chin is small and slightly pointed instead of massive and protruding; the hair is long and not woolly; the lips are thinner than those of the negro and not everted; the expression is intellectual, and indicates a type of mind higher than that of the simple negro.


Traditions describe these “Hamitic” Stone Bowl peoples as having been tall, red-skinned, bearded and long-haired. However, the Bible itself indicates that Noah restricted his curse to the offspring of Ham’s youngest son Canaan, whose descendants occupied the Levantand it was not extended to Ham’s other sons, who had migrated into Africa.

Hamitic myth that led to Genocide in Rwanda | The New Times | Rwanda

Seemingly irrefutable, the hypothesis and its inflammatory ideological assumptions survived in the catacombs of Rwandan politics, based on fragmentary evidence and ambiguous historiography. He further argued that there were a “multiplicity and variety” of contacts and influences passing between various peoples in Africa over time, something that he suggested the “one-directional” Hamitic model obscured.

The fact of the matter is, the whites needed laborers, and they needed a lot of them – and there were a lot more Hutu than there were Tutsi. Afrocentric writers considered the Hamitic hypothesis to be divisive since they believed that it asserted that superior Africans were distinct from Negroid peoples.

History in Africa, 33, pp.


The Hamitic concept flip-flopped many times further in this period. To properly capture this ideological genesis, a brief historical account is necessary. The essays below focus on the development of these ideas regarding the peoples of North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and the African Great Lakes.

Herders, Warriors and Traders: Religion et politique, pp. Van der Meeren, Haitic Kangura instigated anti-Tutsi hamutic in various ways, featuring treatise that interpreted politics through a racial lens.


In the midth century, the term Hamitic acquired a new anthropological meaning, as scholars asserted that they could discern a “Hamitic race” that was distinct from the ” Negroid ” populations of Sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia among those who know Me.

But this is certainly what some of our business and political allies are urging on us under the pretense of a new evolutionism presided over by men like Jensen, Shockley, Rushton, and the Pioneer Fund.


A new book has shed more light on how a 19th century Hamitic myth, construed by colonialists and imposed on Rwandans, promoted hatred that led to the Genocide against the Tutsi. I say this because the Hamitic myth appears to allow for a kind of indirect divine sanction, that God somehow “allowed” the moral degeneracy of Black people to be passed on to Black people through Ham’s son.

People like Hudson Taylor, C. As outlined before, genocidal hamjtic necessarily rests upon a process of dichotomisation and dehumanisation to justify the destruction of another group Moshman Indigenous identities began to compete with an externally-imposed racial categorisation.

A platform cairn dated to 1, ybp c. Writers who insisted that the Nordics were the purest representatives of the Aryan race indirectly encouraged “the transformation of the Hamitic race into the black race, and the resemblance it draws between the different branches of black forms in Asia and Africa.

There are, of course, a number of problems with this hypothesis: The oldest such specimens were buried in mound cairns, with one of these structures dated to around 3, ybp. Similar non-Hamitic elements also existed among the Eastern Hamites, but with a more marked Negroid influence in areas bordering the Upper Nile and Great Lakes and a pronounced Armenoid strain in the Eastern Desert.

World Policy Journal, 21 2pp. Will Africa welcome a change in US foreign assistance? Print media was similarly ambiguous. Of or relating to the Hamites or their languages or cultures. Early Hamites, top clockwise: As a result, the Hamitic element was most marked among the Hanitic and other pastoral Fulani groups rather than in the Fulanin Gidda settled communities.

First, bamitic current political realities through colonial-era myths, without considering ruptures or diverging developments, is bound to deliver biased results. The Races of Africa, London: Retrieved 1 April The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics.