The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth. Jominy Test and Hardness Depth. Thanks to Walter Jominy (the Chief Metallurgist of Chrysler Corporation sometime before the war), there is a simple but. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set.

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Modern materials and manufacturing processes. The data is shown as Vickers and Rockwell hardness. This describes the ability of the steel to be hardened in depth by quenching. What you might find is shown to the right of the test set-up. Select the plot of hardness variation along the test specimen that best describes their behaviour. The recorded hardness depends on the indentation load and the width of the square indentation made by the diamond.

You do the experiments. The Rockwell test is commonly used in the USA. In this heat flow simulation you can adjust various parameters and observe the effect on the heat flow and cooling of the specimen.

You can also use the Rest test for checking the efficiency of your cooling fluid. Increasing the carbon content increases the hardness of steels up to about 0. A heat treatment that causes steel to harden is so much more than the meer plunging of hot metal into a fluid that is often a liquid. For the alloy steel it is larger, they are hard for at least 25 mm.

The Jominy End Quench Test, ASTM A

For example, any video clips and answers to questions are missing. Increasing the austenite grain size increases the hardenability of steels. It is more common to control hardenability with other elements, and to use carbon levels of less than 0.


The round specimen is then ground flat along its length to a depth of 0.

The furnace used to heat the steel into the austenite phase field. If the intention is to produce a martensitic structure, then the constituents of the steel must be such that the phase is obtained over the depth required. Structure of En 8, 1 cm from quenched end of Jominy bar.

Adopted from a ” Key to Metals ” article. Again, you have three steels.

The hardenability of a metal alloy is the depth to which a material is hardened after putting it through a heat treatment process. Structure of En 8 at 5 cm position along Jominy bar. Steels with low hardenability may be used for smaller components, such as chisels and shears, or for surface hardened components such as gears.

Jominy and A. It is typically used with lower carbon steels. The most commonly used elements are Cr, Mo and Mn.

The size of the time step is set to the maximum allowed while ensuring numerical stability of the simulation. This information is plotted on a hardenability graph. Jominy Test and Hardness Depth. It’s important to use the correct conversion chart for different materials, since the hardness test causes plastic strain, and therefore jjominy with the strain hardening properties of the material.

The Rockwell hardness of a metal can also be determined using a similar technique. The Jominy end quench test is used tdst measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions.

The initial red-hot state represents the austenitic condition and the subsequent cooling results in a variety of transformations that depend on the chemical composition of the steel. Structure of En 24 at 10 cm position along Jominy bar, furthest from the quenched end. However, the high-carbon steel is the hardest for the first few millimeters.


DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

Jominy end quench unit for testing the hardenability of steels. Alloying Elements in Detail. Overview tst Major Steels. The main alloying elements which affect hardenability are carbon, boron and a group of elements including Cr, Mn, Mo, Si and Ni. The water jet is started and sprayed onto the bottom of the specimen until the specimen is cool. It is an indication of how deep into the material a certain hardness can be achieved. The test sample is quickly transferred to the test machine, where it is held vertically and mominy with a controlled flow of water onto one end of the sample.

When a hot steel work-piece is quenchedthe area in contact with the water immediately cools and its temperature equilibrates with the quenching medium. Jominy end quench test can also be used to demonstrate the effects of microstructure and alloying variables on the hardenability of steels.


Jominy End Quench Test

The bar is divided into 25 equal length elements, and, at jkminy time step of the simulation, for each element, a new temperature, resulting from heat transfer at either end, is calculated. You have three steels. Hardenability therefore describes the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions.